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A Voice in the Wilderness:     "Works of the Flesh"

John the Baptist
John preaching

John the Baptist
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Table of Contents

Works of the Flesh
Galatians 5:19-21

19.  "Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

20.  Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,

21.  Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God."

Read Galatians 5:1921 in other Bible versions

ADULTERY:   lust of others spouse; indulge illicit lust; giving yourself to illicit sex without payment; gratify illicit sex of the homosexual or the heterosexual; provoking incest; unfaithfulness to God (Mt 5:28,32; Joh 4:1618; 1Cor 6:16; 2Pet 2:14).

Adultery #3430 N.T. from #3431 AV adultery; 1) adultery found in Matt.15:19; Mark 7:21; John 8:3; Gal.5:19 from #3431 AV commit adultery 1) to commit adultery; 1a) to be an adulterer; 1b) to commit adultery with, have unlawful intercourse with another's wife; 1c) of the wife: to suffer adultery, be debauched; 1d) A Hebrew idiom, the word is used of those who at a woman's solicitation are drawn away to idolatry, i.e. to the eating of things sacrificed to idols. found 22 times.   (Strongs Concordance)

FORNICATION:   between the unmarried or married; indulge unlawful lust; illicit sexual practice with payment; illicit sexual practice of either sex; lust in the heart (Joh 4:1618; Ro 1:2132; 1Co 6:910,16,18; Jude 1:77).

Fornication #4202 N.T. AV fornication 1) illicit sexual intercourse; 1a) adultery, fornication, homosexuality, lesbianism, intercourse with animals etc.; 1b) sexual intercourse with close relatives; Lev. 18; 1c) sexual intercourse with a divorced man or woman; Mk. 10:11,12; 2) metaph. the worship of idols; 2a) of the defilement of idolatry, as incurred by eating the sacrifices offered to idols found 26 times

from #4203 AV commit fornication; commit 1) to prostitute one's body to the lust of another; 2) to give one's self to unlawful sexual intercourse; 2a) to commit fornication; 3) metaph. to be given to idolatry, to worship idols; 3a) to permit one's self to be drawn away by another into idolatry found in I Cor.6:18; 10:8 (twice); Rev.2:14, 20; 17:2; 18:3, 9

from #4204 AV harlot; whore 1) a woman who sells her body for sexual uses; 1a) a prostitute, a harlot, one who yields herself to defilement for the sake of gain; 1b) any woman indulging in unlawful sexual intercourse, whether for gain or for lust; 2) metaph. an idolatress; 2a) of "Babylon" i.e. Rome, the chief seat of idolatry found 12 times

from #4205 from pernemi (to sell, akin to the base of #4097) AV fornicator, whoremonger; 1) a man who prostitutes his body to another's lust for hire; 2) a male prostitute; 3) a man who indulges in unlawful sexual intercourse, a fornicator found 10 times

from pernemi (to sell, akin to the base of #4097) a reduplicated and prolonged from of prao, (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses), contracted from perao (to traverse, from the base of 4008) AV sell 1) to sell; 2a) sold under sin, entirely under the control of the love of sinning; 2b) of one bribed to give himself up wholly to another's will.   (Strongs Concordance)

UNCLEANNESS:   opposite of pure thoughts; spoken words; dirty, physically or morally (1Co 6:1518; Eph 4:19,31; 5:5; Col 3:5,8; Jas 1:21).

Uncleanness #167 N.T. from #169 AV uncleanness 1) uncleanness; 1b) in a moral sense: the impurity of lustful, luxurious, profligate living; 1b1) of impure motives found 10 times

from #169 from #1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of #2508 (meaning cleansed) AV unclean, foul 1) not cleansed, unclean, 1a) in a ceremonial sense: that which must be abstained from according to the levitical law, 1b) in a moral sense: unclean in thought and life found 30 times

from #1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of #2508 (meaning cleansed) of Hebrew origin AV Alpha 1) first letter of Greek alphabet, 2) Christ is the Alpha to indicate that he is the beginning and the end Remember the uncleanness referred to here is in the negative aspect of Alpha or Christ. The word Alpha can be found 4 times in the Bible

and a presumed derivative of #2508 (meaning cleansed) AV purge 1) to cleanse, of filth impurity, etc., 1a) to prune trees and vines from useless shoots, 1b) metaph. from guilt, to expiate found in John 15:2; Heb.10:2.   (Strongs Concordance)

LASCIVIOUSNESS:   promiscuous; expressing lust; excess; not restrained; bold in sin (Mark. 7:2123; Ro 1:2229; 7:8; Eph 4:19; 1Pe 4:3).

Lasciviousness #766 N. T. from a compound of #1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed selges (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent) AV lasciviousness, wantonness, filthy 1) undridled lust, excess, licentiousness, lasciviousness, wantonness, outrageousness, shamelessness, insolence found 9 times.   (Strongs Concordance)

IDOLATORY:   anything dethroning God; covetousness; lack of gratitude to God; stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry (For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry..., 1Sa 15:23) (Col 3:5; Re 21:8).

Idolatory #1495 N.T. from #1497 and #2999 AV idolatry 1) the worship of false gods, idolatry; 1a) of the formal sacrificial feats held in honour of false gods; 1b) of avarice, as a worship of Mammon; 2) in the plural, the vices springing from idolatry and peculiar to it found in I Cor.10:14; Gal.5:20; Col.3:5; I Peter 4:3

from #1497 from #1491; an image (i.e. for worship) AV idol 1) an image, likeness; 1a) i.e. whatever represents the form of an object, either real or imaginary; 1b) used of the shades of the departed, apparitions, spectres, phantoms of the mind, etc.; 2) the image of an heathen god; 3) a false god found 11 times

from #1491 from #1492 AV shape, fashion, sight, appearance 1) the external or outward appearance, form figure, shape; 2) from, kind found in Luke 3:22; 9:29; John 5:37; I Cor.5:7; I Thes.5:22

from #1492 a root word AV know, cannot tell + #3756, know how, wist, see, behold, look, perceive, vr see, vr know 1) to see, 1a) to perceive with the eyes, 1b) to perceive by any of the senses, 1c) to perceive, notice, discern, discover, 1d) to see, 1d1) i.e. to turn the eyes, the mind, the attention to anything, 1d2) to pay attention, observe, 1d3) to see about something, 1d4) to inspect, examine, 1d5) to look at, behold, 1e) to experience any state or condition, 1f) to see i.e. have an interview with, to visit, 2) to know, 2a) to know of anything, 2b) to know, i.e. get knowledge of, understand, perceive, 2b1) of any fact, 2b2) the force and meaning of something which has definite meaning, 2b3) to know how, to be skilled in, 2c) to have regard for one, cherish, pay attention to (1Th. 5:12), found 691 times For Synonyms see entry 5825 Now I will do the defintion for #2999 found in "idolatry" above

and from #2999 from #3000 AV service, devine service 1) service rendered for hire, 1a) any service or ministration: the service of God, 2) the service and worship of God according to the requirements of the Levitical law, 3) to perform sacred services found in John 16:2; Rom.9:4; 12:1; Heb. 9:1, 6

from #3000 from latris (a hired menial) AV serve, worship, do the service, worshipper 1) to serve for hire, 2) to serve, minister to either to the gods or men and used alike of slaves and freemen, 2a) in the NT, to render religious service or homage, to worship, 2b) to perform sacred services, to offer gifts, to worship God in the observance of the rites instituted for his worship, 2b1) of priests, to officiate, to discharge the sacred office found 21 times.   (Strongs Concordance)

WITCHCRAFT:   an Antichrist practicing sorcery using medication; i.e. drugs to charm, as by enticing words, not relying on God; an empty promise of peace (Jer 6:14; Ac 19:19; 1Jo 2:18; Re 9:21; 18:23; 21:8). Another witchcraft is by enticing, subtil words (1Co 2:4; Gal 3:1; Col 2:4).

Witchcraft #5331 N.T. from #5332 AV sorcery, witchcraft 1) the use or the acministering of drugs, 2) poisoning, 3) sorcery, magical arts, often found in connection with idolatry and fostered by it, 4) metaph. the deceptions and seductions of idolatry found in Gal.5:20; Rev.9:21; 18:23

from #5332 from pharmakon (a drug, i.e. spellgiving potion) AV sorcerer 1) one who prepares or uses magical remedies, 2) sorcerer found in Rev.21:8.   (Strongs Concordance)


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